Additional Source #16 – Book

“When one of the father’s sperm cells, like the ones gathered here around the egg, succeeds in penetrating the egg and becomes united with it, a new life can begin.”16 16Flanagan, G.L., Beginning Life, New York: DK Publishing, 1996, p. 13.

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Additional Source #17 – Peer-Reviewed Article

“Abortion does end a human life, so it should not be done without grave consideration for what is at stake, as we do with capital punishment and war.”17 17Shermer, M., Abortion Is a Problem to Be Solved, Not a Moral Issue, Scientific American, Sep. 1, 2018, http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/abortion-is-a-problem-to-be-solved-not-a-moral-issue.

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Additional Source #18 – Book

“[An] embryo [is t]he early developing fertilized egg that is growing into another individual of the species. In man the term “embryo” is usually restricted to the period of development from fertilization until the end of the eighth week of pregnancy”18 18Walters, W. & Singer, P. [Eds.], Test-Tube Babies, Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1982, p.…

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Additional Source #19 – Book

“FERTILIZATION: What new process is begun at conception? It is life itself. It is a process involving manifold processes: the manifold acts and reactions of a new human life.”19 19Connolly, W. M., One Life: How the U.S. Supreme Court Deliberately Distorted the History, Science and Law of Abortion, Xlibris, 2002, p. 227.

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Additional Source #20 – Book

“A human fetus is not a nonhuman animal; it is a stage of human being.”20 20Sumner, W. Abortion and Moral Theory, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1981, p. 10.

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Additional Source #21 – Book

“A baby begins life as a single cell, smaller than the period at the end of this sentence, and would be only barely visible to the naked eye. This cell is created by the union of two parent cells: the female egg cell or ovum, and the male sperm cell.”21 21Sumner, W. Abortion and Moral…

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Additional Source #8 – Article

“[T]he biological and medical truths which prove the prenatal entity is in fact… a distinct human being [that is] biologically alive from conception”8 8Smith, D., Pro-Choice Concedes: Prominent Abortion Proponents Concede The Barbarity Of Abortion, Human Defense Initiative, 2018, https://humandefense.com/prochoice-concedes.

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Additional Source #9 – Article

“Carnegie Stage 1 represents FERTILIZATION and [describes] the unicellular embryo that contains genetic material and is a single-cell HUMAN BEING that develops into all of the subsequent stages of a human being.”9 9The Carnegie Stages of Human Embryonic Development, Contend Projects, https://contendprojects.org/the-science/carnegie-stages.

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Additional Source #10 – Article

“The life of a human being begins at conception—not at implantation, “viability,” or birth. This is a scientific fact.”10 10Lee, P., Tollefsen, C.O., & George, R.P., Marco Rubio Is Right: The Life of a New Human Being Begins at Conception, Public Discourse, Aug. 18, 2015, https://www.thepublicdiscourse.com/2015/08/15520.

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Additional Source #11 – Article

“[I]mproved medical techniques, and other advances anchor the movement’s arguments in scientific fact. ‘The pro-life message has been, for the last 40-something years, that the fetus … is a life, and it is a human life’”11 11Green, E., Science Is Giving the Pro-Life Movement a Boost, The Atlantic, Jan. 18, 2018, https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2018/01/pro-life-pro-science/549308.

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